The majority (91 percent) of the city's population is Buddhist. Read an overview of the climate. This feature has contributed to the effects of subsidence caused by extensive ground water pumping. Bangkok's role as a US military R&R destination boosted its tourism industry as well as firmly establishing it as a sex tourism destination. Bang is a Thai word meaning 'a village on a stream', and the name might have been derived from Bang Ko (บางเกาะ), ko meaning 'island', stemming from the city's watery landscape.  The city is home to 42 public hospitals, five of which are university hospitals, as well as 98 private hospitals and 4,063 registered clinics. Although absolute poverty rates are low—only 0.64 percent of Bangkok's registered residents were living under the poverty line in 2010, compared to a national average of 7.75 percent—economic disparity is still substantial. Its missions include partnering with other major cities through sister city agreements, participation and membership in international organizations, and pursuing cooperative activities with the many foreign diplomatic missions based in the city. With a wave of the administrative wand, Thailand’s 30-day visas are now 45-day visas. Phu Khao Thong, the only hill in the metropolitan area, originated with a very large chedi that King Rama III (1787–1851) built at Wat Saket. The average sea surface temperature in November 2020 for Bangkok was 86.9°F.The maximum and minimum values were 85.2°F and 88.2°F respectively. Among others, Bangkok is the seat of the Secretariat of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), as well as the Asia-Pacific regional offices of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).. [g] Most of the area was originally swampland, which was gradually drained and irrigated for agriculture by the construction of canals (khlong) which took place from the 16th to 19th centuries.  A separate bus rapid transit system owned by the BMA has been in operation since 2010. This growth became even more pronounced in the 1930s, following the discovery of antibiotics.  The highest recorded temperature of Bangkok metropolis was 40.1 °C (104.2 °F) in March 2013, and the lowest recorded temperature was 9.9 °C (49.8 °F) in January 1955. The humidity averages just under 90%, with temperatures averaging around 29 degrees Celsius in a very wet and rainy Bangkok. The temperature in April averages 30.2 °C | 86.4 °F. The weather forecast for the next few days suggests that the air pollution situation won’t improve much. [needs update], Wholesale and retail trade is the largest sector in the city's economy, contributing 24 percent of Bangkok's gross provincial product. The later of these two periods has the higher relative temperatures as although the northeast monsoon does not directly affect the northern area of Thailand, it does cause cooling breezes from November to February. Education has long been a prime factor in the centralization of Bangkok and will play a vital role in the government's efforts to decentralize the country. Serious offences included 183 murders, 81 gang robberies, 265 robberies, 1 kidnapping and 9 arson cases. Update: Bangkok’s bars, pubs and karaoke parlors must only operate as restaurants and close by midnight starting Tuesday, City Hall announced Monday night.It was not explicitly stated whether that meant no alcohol sales as was the case in March.  In 2018, numbers show that there are 370,000 international migrants registered with the Department of Employment, more than half of them migrants from Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. These include the mass-oriented Thai Rath, Khao Sod and Daily News, the first of which currently prints a million copies per day, as well as the less sensational Matichon and Krungthep Thurakij. The city's overall traffic conditions, however, remain poor. Between November and May the weather is mostly dry, however this is broken up into the periods November to February and March to May. Khao San Road has long been famous as a destination for backpacker tourism, with its budget accommodation, shops and bars attracting visitors from all over the world.  In the 1940s, enclosing concrete walls were added to stop the hill from eroding. Although proposals for the development of rapid transit in Bangkok had been made since 1975, it was only in 1999 that the BTS finally began operation. Bangkok average temperature. The middle months of this season may hold particularly heavy rains for the north of the country. While the BMA has authorised the practice in 287 sites, the majority of activity in another 407 sites takes place illegally. , Following its establishment as capital city in 1782, Bangkok grew only slightly throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries. Note. Traffic and Transportation Department, p. 154. The temperature in April averages 27.1 °C | 80.8 °F. This was followed by 5,504 cases of motorcycle thefts, 3,694 cases of assault and 2,836 cases of embezzlement. 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