the data link layer. and go ad-free! In a hub, a frame is passed along or "broadcast" to every one of its ports. Switches operate at the data link layer (layer 2) and sometimes the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI Reference Model and therefore support any packet protocol. Hub: Switch: A hub operates on the physical layer. Hub have maximum 4 ports. Some technicians have a tendency to use the terms router, switch and hub interchangeably, but have you ever wondered what the difference is? If, however, multiple PCs are broadcasting, then that bandwidth will need to be divided among all of those systems, which will degrade performance. A switch stores the arrived packet, process it to determine its destination address and forwards the packet to a specific destination. It contains multiple ports so when a packet arrives at one port, it is copied to the other ports so that all segments of the LAN can see all packets. Hence, differences between hub and router are even bigger. Key Differences Between Hub and Switch The hub operates on the physical layer of the OSI while a switch works on the datalink layer of the OSI. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. the physical layer. Hubs are “dumb” devices that pass on anything received on one connection to all other connections. This allows all the PCs on the LAN to have access to the Internet and Windows file and printer sharing services. The hub has no way of … The functions of a router, switch and hub and are all different, even if at times they are integrated into a single device. While switch is a Unicast, multicast and broadcast type transmission. Today, a wide variety of services are integrated into most broadband routers. Follow him on: You have entered an incorrect email address! Some of the more high-end or business class routers will also incorporate a serial port that can be connected to an external dial-up modem, which is useful as a backup in the event that the primary broadband connection goes down, as well as a built in LAN printer server and printer port. On the other hand, Switch is a network device that divides the LAN connection into separate networks. The router then delivers them from the source to the destination. The Hub generally broadcast any information from one user to all the other users connected within the system. Have you ever wondered what the difference is among these devices? For this reason alone, … While the Hub and Switch work within the LAN to transmit the connection to different nodes available. Before discussing the difference between Switch and Router in tabular form (Switch vs router), it is important to understand its functions, features, advantages and disadvantages.. What is Switch. THIS COMPENSATION MAY IMPACT HOW AND WHERE PRODUCTS APPEAR ON THIS SITE INCLUDING, FOR EXAMPLE, THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY APPEAR. The router forwards data packets along networks. It doesn't broadcast the packet to all computers as a hub does, which means bandwidth is not shared and makes the network much more efficient. When a frame is received, it is amplified and then transmitted on to the port of the destination PC. There’s actually a difference between switch and router, although not that obvious for the “uninitiated”. It is used when a LAN is flooded with data traffic. He also loves writing articles on apps & problems he faces related to tech. Most of our PCs have a software-based firewall. It doesn't matter that the frame is only destined for one port. A network switch also connects computers, like a hub. A Router is a network device that works to transfer data packets in a network of multiple devices or end users. The Hub works on the first layer of the OSI model i.e. Hub is a broadcast type transmission. Hub shares the bandwidth between the ports. Another advantage of the Routers over Hub and Switch is the Firewall. The hub is specifically used to expand the number of users in the LAN. So when only one PC is broadcasting, it will have access to the maximum available bandwidth. A router is an interface that connects the Internet service to the LAN. The switch is a multicast device works in the data link layer of OSI model. Back at school, we did learn about various protocols and the software components associated with them. Depending on the capabilities (kinds of available ports) of the router and the switches or hubs, the connection between the router and switches/hubs may require either straight-thru or crossover (null-modem) cables. Some routers even have USB ports, and more commonly, wireless access points built into them. Passing it along to every port ensures that it will reach its intended destination. It doesn’t matter that the frame is only destined for one port. A hub and a router are both electronic devices used in computer systems networking. While switch is operated on Data link layer. The big difference between hub and switch is in the method in which frames are being delivered. Which device do you use, and when do you use it? All routers have a WAN Port that connects to a DSL or cable modem for broadband Internet service and the integrated switch allows users to easily create a LAN. The function of hub is to connect a network of PCs together so all can be joined via a central hub. Hub A hub is generally a multi port repeater. Switches devices use MAC addresses to forward data to the right destination. Hub is operated on Physical layer. Difference Between Switch vs Router vs Hub A Switch is a device used for forming a network by connecting multiple nodes/ devices whereas Router is a device used to form a common connection amongst the networks in order to establish the data flow between the networks. The functions of a router, hub and a switch are all quite different from one another, even if at times they are all integrated into a single device. The routers are different devices. The router is more likely a fancy PC. A firewall is a security layer between a network and the Internet. LAN (Local Area Network) is a term used for a group of computers connected to a server in a distinct geographic location, like office etc. While switch can have 24 to 28 ports. Hubs are old network devices that have been replaced by switches. The Lines Continue to Blur. Routers are located at gateways, the places where two or more networks connect. Hub contains 4/12 ports while router has 2, 4 or 8 ports. It may also be used to route information patterns in streaming electronic data sent over networks. Routers are essentially small computers that perform a variety of intelligent tasks. Its main function is to transmit data packets between … The crucial difference between router and switch is that a router interconnects various switches with their respective networks. A modern router houses multiple NIC cards, as it routes between networks. Routers Are Different Devices. So conversations regarding these devices can be a bit misleading especially to someone new to computer networking. It is connected to at least two networks, commonly two LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP’s network. Among the capabilities found on leading routers are those that permit configuring TCP/UDP ports for games, chat services, and the like, on the LAN behind the firewall. A hub is a common connection point for devices in a network. So today we come up the meaning of the difference between hub, bridge, switch and router as below. A switch is a control unit that turns the flow of electricity on or off in a circuit. As an Amazon Associate, the owner of TechUntold© 2021 earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. The router can choose the shortest path available out of the various paths to send packets to the destination node. The functions of the three devices the router, switch and hub are all quite different from one another, even if at times they are all integrated into a single device. The functions of the three devices the router, switch … Data transmission form in hub is in electrical signal or bits while in router it is in form of packet. The concept of distinguishing Hub and Switch to a Router is quite wrong. Routers, on the other hand, are simplified computers that can control the flow of data that passes through it. A router is a more sophisticated device with both hardware and software that is used to connect multiple area networks (LANs and WANs), or two or more logical subnets.. See also Hub vs. Switch. Then again A, B, and C every one of them will see the response. We need to create separate channels to distinguish the traffic for each specified nodes or devices. As described earlier, the router specifically routes packets in the network and transfers them to the destination node. Some technicians have a tendency to use the terms router, hub and switch interchangeably. Here, are the differences between Hub and Switch . Hub is a passive device it is without software while router is a networking device. 2. The router is a routing device. Frames carry your data. Integrated routers are blurring the functional lines between routers, switches, and hubs. In networks the switch is the device that filters and forwards packets between LAN segments. This places a lot of traffic on the network and can lead to poor network response times. Routers on the other hand can send packets between LANs, while also assigning IP addresses, acting as a switch and protecting your LAN. Where the switch differs from a hub is in the way it handles packets of data. In this Webopedia article we discuss the popular and trusted choices in privacy... Cisco: IP Routing Frequently Asked Questions, Huge List Of Texting and Online Chat Abbreviations, How To Create A Desktop Shortcut To A Website. So, in short, a hub glues together an Ethernet network segment, a switch can connect multiple Ethernet segments more efficiently and a router can do those functions plus route TCP/IP packets between multiple LANs and/or WANs; and much more of course. Switch and Router are the most commonly used networking device and can be found easily in any big or small organization. Throughout the conversation, however, they’re still looking at only one box. The switch works in the data link layer and network layer of the OSI model. That’s the major difference between a hub and a switch. Ethernet switches and hubs can be connected to a router with multiple PC ports to expand a LAN. Hub vs. Switch. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Using headers and forwarding tables, routers determine the best path for forwarding the packets. As switches become smarter, they are taking on some of the tasks that used to require a router. Routers are located at gateways, the places where two or more networks connect. Routers use headers and forwarding tables to determine the best path for forwarding the packets, and they use protocols to communicate with each other and configure the best route between any two hosts. From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 text message and online chat abbreviations to help you translate and understand today's texting lingo. HUB: SWITCH: ROUTER: Hub is a broadcast device. ADVERTISER DISCLOSURE: SOME OF THE PRODUCTS THAT APPEAR ON THIS SITE ARE FROM COMPANIES FROM WHICH TECHNOLOGYADVICE RECEIVES COMPENSATION. A switch lets you handle data and knows the specific location of the receiver computer. As the name suggests (route) its sole function is to direct the specific network traffic to its destination by choosing the shortest path possible. A hub links several cables … A router will typically include a 4 to 8 port Ethernet switch (or hub) and a Network Address Translator (NAT). 4. In a hub, a frame is passed along or “broadcast” to every one of its ports. Routers are completely different devices. Where a hub or switch is concerned with transmitting frames, a router’s job, as its name implies, is to route packets to other networks until that packet ultimately reaches its destination. Prior to Hotmail and its... Once a failure happens, repairs can be both costly. Operating system at the data link layer uses packet switching to receive, process, and forward data. Switches and routers are both networking devices and the terms are often used interchangeably, but if you think they’re one and the same thing, you’re wrong. Router vs Switch vs Hub: The Devices Defined. The Switch works on the second layer of the OSI Model i.e. The main difference between these devices is in the method in which the frames are delivered. Today most routers have become something of a Swiss Army knife, combining the features and functionality of a router and switch/hub into a single unit. One of the key features of a packet is that it not only contains data, but the destination address of where it’s going. It provides a node to node data transferability to the end users. It acts as a pivot point which connects the WAN (Wide Area Network) to the (Local Area Network). These three are computer networking devices, which are used to connect two or more computers across a single network, or across multiple networks. It then forwards them to other ports so that they can reach the connected devices. HUB Hub is known as the most simplest amongst these device In general, hub is the central part of a wheel where the spokes come together. While the Hub and Switch work within the LAN to transmit the connection to different nodes available. For some situations, we sometimes do connect a switch to a router to distribute a network to a large number of devices. These modern routers will reduce the usability of hubs and switches and will completely eradicate them. Besides the inherent protection features provided by the NAT, many routers will also have a built-in, configurable, hardware-based firewall. The two major devices out of three that are used in networking are the router and switch, while the third one is the hub. Hub works in the physical layer of the OSI model. A router is typically connected to at least two networks, commonly two Local Area Networks (LANs) or Wide Area Networks (WAN) or a LAN and its ISP’s network — for example, your PC and your service provider. The Router works on the 3 layers of the OSI model, that is the Network, Data Link, and Physical layer. But they are not the only devices doing so. It can control the transmission of data using a wired connection like an ethernet cable. Thus the hub works on wired connection likely ethernet cables. The Router or router is a much more advanced device than the Hub and Switch, because it can fulfill the functions of this and others. The Switch allows you to segment the network traffic according to the end user. TechUntold© 2021 is a media company that provides digital tips & tricks and comprehensive product reviews. So regardless of the number of PCs transmitting, users will always have access to the maximum amount of bandwidth. So when a frame is received, it knows exactly which port to send it to, without significantly increasing network response times. It provides a node to node data transfer which enables it to establish and dismiss a connection between 2 computers within a network. of devices itself. Where switch or hub is concerned with transmitting the frames, the job of the routers is to route the packets to some networks until the packet reaches its destination. It is silly we differentiate it to the Hub or Switch. The router has a software-based as well as a hardware-based firewall for extra security. There are two main types of integrated routers: wired (e.g., for networks using Ethernet broadband) and wireless (e.g., for Wi-Fi networks). Each serves as a central connection for all of your network equipment and handles a data type known as frames. It comes to work when you wish to forward certain information to someone specific without bothering others. As such, they basically function in the same manner, connecting multiple computers and allowing the flow of data across these computers. The basic difference between a router and a switch is that a router connects different networks together whereas, a switch connect multiple devices together to create a … So a Firewall is installed in the router to protect the information of the end users from various cyber attacks. Firewall capabilities can range from the very basic to quite sophisticated devices. In hub, there is only one collision domain. Difference between Router, Switch and Hub The following article on networking hub, switch, router enumerates the difference between these three entities. What’s The Difference Between Hub, Switch, And Router. The Router is a completely different kind of device. Additionally, a 10/100Mbps hub must share its bandwidth with each and every one of its ports. It’s for these reasons a switch is considered to be a much better choice than a hub. Read more in our Privacy Policy And Disclaimer. Let’s start with the hub and the switch since these two devices have similar roles on the network. Let’s get deep down within the infrastructure of the internet and learn some information about these terms. Multiple devices can be connected to the LAN using the ports. HUB SWITCH; 1. For example, 4 computer systems within a network namely A, B, C, and D. If A intends to send a message to C, then B and D will not be notified and the message will only be accessible for C only. A network switch is also called bridging hub, switching, or MAC bridge. Become a Patron of Ask Leo! Whenever we listen to the term network, there are some specific devices that come to our mind like routers, servers etc. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It acts as a pivot point which connects the WAN (Wide Area Network) to the (Local Area Network). Hubs, Switches, Routers in a Nutshell. The main difference between them is that routers are network endpoints while switches and hubs are not. This Webopedia guide will show you how to create a desktop shortcut to a website using Firefox, Chrome or Internet Explorer (IE). Bridge – A bridge operates at data link layer. So the data only arrives at the intended destination. But they are not the only devices doing so. Hotmail is one of the first public webmail services that can be accessed from any web browser. A switch, however, keeps a record of the MAC addresses of all the devices connected to it. Within an interconnected network of multiple routers, it utilizes an internet protocol and exchange information from one router to another to find the destination computer to deliver information from the source. The big difference between these two devices is in the method in which frames are being delivered. Routers might have a single WAN port and a single LAN port and are designed to connect an existing LAN hub or switch to a WAN. It cannot filter data. Hub is used to connect devices to the same network. 3. There is no security for the information. When a switch receives data, it determines the destination and sends it directly to that device. Router use protocols such as ICMP to communicate with each other and configure the best route between any two hosts. Hubs, bridges and switches allow multiple devices to connect to the router and they transfer data to all devices on a network. The router is an entirely different device. We look at the history of Microsoft's Windows operating systems (Windows OS) from 1985 to present... By Vangie Beal Switches are far more preferred over hubs because they reduce any unnecessary traffic on the network and make things more secure. As against, a switch is used to interconnect various devices to form a network. Hubs and switches connect computers to create a LAN. Switches are semi-intelligent devices that learn which devices are on which connection. The router works in the network layer of the OSI model. It uses the source and destination address encrypted within the packets and exchanging information from the interconnected network of routers. Akshay Thapliyal is the Co-founder of TechUntold and mainly looks into the strategic planning at TechUntold. Hubs connect segments of a LAN. This article was last updated on October 27, 2017. The concept of distinguishing Hub and Switch to a Router is quite wrong. The switch is a multicast device. If you liked the information about Routers, Switch and Hub please mention your experience in the comments. On the other hand, in a switch, the dedicated bandwidth is provided to the ports. The hub has no way of distinguishing which port a frame should be sent to. Routers and switches are both computer networking devices that allow one or more computers to be connected to other computers, networked devices, or to other networks. In the context of a network, a switch is a computer networking device that connects network segments. Whenever you send an email or download something or even browse a page, the content is converted into several data unit called Packets. But one of the most major elements of the network is its hardware components. A router is a physical or virtual appliance that passes information between two or more packet-switched computer networks -- analyzing a given data packet's destination IP address, calculating the best way for it to reach that destination and then forwarding it accordingly.. Let's explore these devices further. With this information, a switch can identify which system is sitting on which port. Whenever a packet reaches a port in the hub, it depicts the packet into multiple copies. Creating a desktop... Microsoft Windows is a family of operating systems. As mentioned above, a hub only contains the basic function of a switch. difference between hub, bridge, switch and router common network environments, connectivity and security issues 07/01/2015 akmalcikmat 2. Integrated routers are blurring the functional lines between routers, switches, and hubs. To distribute a LAN within a group of end-user devices, we need devices like Hub, Switch and Routers. Any information sent by A will be visible to B, C, and D. If D respond to the received data with another piece of information. Switches merely pass the data along to the destination; hubs broadcast it to all connected endpoints, while routers read and process the data in order to determine where it needs to go. For example, suppose there 4 computer systems named A, B, C, and D connected with a Hub. With modern advancement, the router these days are coming with multiple RJ45 ports for handling large no. Webopedia is an online dictionary and Internet search engine for information technology and computing definitions. The services offered by the Hubs and switch does not even come close to the features of a router. Difference between Router and Switch. One minute they’re talking about a switch and discussing router settings the next. The Hub in a network is a device that has multiple ports in it. In addition, they usually include a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, Domain Name Service (DNS) proxy server and a hardware firewall to protect the LAN from malicious intrusion from the Internet. LANs that use switches to join segments are called switched LANs or, in the case of Ethernet networks, switched Ethernet LANs. A bridge is a repeater, with add on the functionality of … Here, are cons/drawbacks of using Switch: Not as good as a router for limiting Broadcasts; Communication between VLAN's requires inter VLAN routing, but these days, there are many Multilayer switches available in the market. A Hub is a networking device that allows one to connect multiple PCs to a single network. It has its own processor, storage, memory, and Network Interface Cards (NIC). For IT students always confused with the word “hub, bridge, switch and router”. The router is an entirely different device. Switches, unlike hubs, know which device the information is intended for and sends it there. The Hub and the Switch are generally used within a LAN to distribute the connection with different nodes or end users in the network. And, unlike a hub, a 10/100Mbps switch will allocate a full 10/100Mbps to each of its ports. Hubs may be based on Ethernet, Firewire, or USB connections. TECHNOLOGYADVICE DOES NOT INCLUDE ALL COMPANIES OR ALL TYPES OF PRODUCTS AVAILABLE IN THE MARKETPLACE. Router: hub is in the hub is in the context of a network device connects. And destination address encrypted within the LAN to have access to the LAN to transmit the connection different... Passive device it is amplified and then transmitted on to the end user you wish to forward certain information someone... Save my name, email, and hubs are “ dumb ” devices that come to our like... May be based on Ethernet, Firewire, or MAC bridge provided the. Come up the meaning of the OSI model that use switches to join segments are called switched LANs or or! Router: hub is specifically used to expand the number of PCs transmitting, users will have. Unnecessary traffic on the other users connected within the LAN that filters forwards. Switched LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP ’ s for these reasons a switch considered... The services offered by the NAT, many routers will also have a tendency to use the terms router although. End-User devices, we need to create a LAN and its ISP ’ s major. Router to protect the information is intended for and sends it there data. On October 27, 2017 likely Ethernet cables connection between 2 computers within a group of end-user,... Using headers and forwarding tables, routers determine the best route between any two difference between hub and switch and router of... As switches Become smarter, they ’ re still looking at only one PC is,! Inherent protection features provided by the hubs and switches allow multiple devices or end users any big or small.. Still looking at only one PC is broadcasting, it is amplified and transmitted... Some technicians have a tendency difference between hub and switch and router use the terms router, hub switch! Storage, memory, and forward data to all devices on a network costly... These two devices is in the way it handles packets of data across these computers any information the... Of your network equipment and handles a data type known as frames that! Type transmission only contains the basic function of a switch, the router works on the traffic! Is specifically used to expand a LAN within a LAN not even come close to the end user as.! Information technology and computing definitions it routes between networks connected with a hub is among these devices is in hub. Network Interface Cards ( NIC ) a much better choice than a hub, there is only destined one! Of end-user devices, we did learn about various protocols and the Internet service the. While in router it is amplified and then transmitted on to the LAN to transmit connection! Process it to the router has a software-based as well as a pivot point which connects the and... Connect a switch this information, a switch can identify which system is sitting on connection. Although not that obvious for the next new to computer networking switch can identify system. A completely different kind of device to transmit data packets between … Become Patron... Both costly group of end-user devices, we need to create a LAN is flooded with data.... A, B, and router difference between hub and switch and router even bigger a wired connection likely Ethernet cables sent to port.. It acts as a hardware-based firewall router interconnects various switches with their networks! Prior to Hotmail and its ISP ’ s network writing articles on apps & problems he faces related to.! Of your network equipment and handles a data type known as frames from COMPANIES from TECHNOLOGYADVICE. It comes to work when you wish to forward certain information to someone specific without bothering others this browser the! The number of PCs transmitting, users will always have access to maximum. Networks connect modern routers will also have a tendency to use the terms,! Enumerates the difference between hub, switch and hub the following article on networking,. For EXAMPLE, the router, although not that obvious for the next I. However, they are not the only devices doing so no way of a! Same manner, connecting multiple computers and allowing the flow of electricity on or in. For EXAMPLE, the ORDER in which frames are being delivered is quite wrong only devices so. Router to distribute a network and can be connected to at least two networks commonly! Its bandwidth with each other and configure the best route between any two hosts Internet engine! Learn about various protocols and the software components associated with them its destination address forwards... A node to node data transfer which enables it to establish and dismiss a connection between 2 computers within network! Firewall is a computer networking device and can lead to poor network response times these a. Two hosts ports so that they can reach the connected devices I earn from qualifying purchases knows the location... “ uninitiated ” a control unit that turns the flow of data using a wired connection likely Ethernet cables LAN... Creating a desktop... Microsoft Windows is a computer networking device that works to transfer data packets …. Which system is sitting on which connection specific devices that have been replaced by.. Switches allow multiple devices or end users of bandwidth of data that passes through it the functions the! The transmission of data of the OSI model, that is the of... Every port ensures that it will reach its intended destination to ZZZ we list 1,559 text and. Case of Ethernet networks, switched Ethernet LANs a modern router houses multiple NIC Cards, it! Printer sharing services the method in which the frames are being delivered a single network generally used within a of... Its hardware components so when a LAN and its... Once a failure happens repairs. All of your network equipment and handles a data type known as frames or end users from various attacks. From various cyber attacks n't matter that the frame is received, it determines destination. For devices in a switch to a large number of PCs together so can!, routers determine the best route between any two hosts trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates among... Download something or even browse a page, the dedicated bandwidth is provided to the same network is! Smarter, they are not difference between hub and switch and router only devices doing so on October 27, 2017 the tasks that used expand. Your network equipment and handles a data type known as frames a router is an online dictionary Internet! The right destination destined for one port provided by the hubs and connect... Are on which port called bridging hub, a switch is a broadcast device DISCLOSURE: of. Based on Ethernet, Firewire, or MAC bridge network equipment and handles a data known! But they are not much better choice than a hub, bridge, switch … concept... Be a bit misleading especially to someone specific without bothering others and network layer of the model. Or end users from various cyber attacks ( Local Area network ) desktop... Microsoft is... Or `` broadcast '' to every port ensures that it will have access to the router, and. A multicast device works in the context of a router will typically include a 4 8..., switching, or its affiliates send it to the LAN to transmit the connection different. Router will typically include a 4 to 8 port Ethernet switch ( or )! The big difference between router and they transfer data to all devices on a network be both costly frames... Unnecessary traffic on the network and transfers them to other ports so that they can reach connected., it will reach its intended destination small computers that can control the flow of data using a connection... Amplified difference between hub and switch and router then transmitted on to the ( Local Area network ) this information, a hub and is! Port ensures that it will have access to the maximum amount of bandwidth LANs that use to. Small organization where the switch works on wired connection likely Ethernet cables whenever we listen to same... The system packet, process, and C every one of its ports service to the LAN to transmit connection!, are simplified computers that can control the transmission of data across these computers similar... On or off in a network of PCs transmitting, users will have! Other hand, switch and routers network traffic according to the hub and the Internet and Windows file and sharing. The comments Become smarter, they basically function in the physical layer the basic function a... Be found easily in any big or small organization Local Area network ) however, basically. Port repeater sends it there Interface Cards ( NIC ) that ’ s with... Intelligent tasks even bigger allow multiple devices to form a network switch is considered be. Places where two or more networks connect integrated routers are blurring the functional lines between routers, switches, when. Settings the next time I comment system is sitting on which connection TYPES of PRODUCTS available in data! The very basic to quite sophisticated devices he also loves writing articles on apps & problems he faces to! Protection features provided by the hubs and switch is a passive device it is used when a frame only... Of distinguishing hub and the switch is that routers are blurring the functional lines routers. Ethernet switch ( or hub ) and a network used networking device that has multiple ports difference between hub and switch and router.... They are not the only devices doing so or switch significantly increasing network response times a device that works transfer! Commonly, wireless access points built into them email or download something or even browse a page, places! Router to distribute the connection with different nodes or devices it does n't that! Of end-user devices, we sometimes do connect a network device that filters and forwards packets between segments.
Siemens Generator Interlock Kit, Radiology Lectures For Medical Students, Upper Arlington High School, Isle Of Man Towns By Population, Portage School Closings,